A code execution vulnerability exists in the Modbus message-processing functionality of Schneider Electric EcoStruxure Control Expert PLC Simulator 14.1. A specially crafted network request can lead to remote code execution. An attacker can send a large Modbus request to trigger this vulnerability.
Schneider Electric EcoStruxure Control Expert PLC Simulator 14.1
10.0 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
CWE-121 - Stack-based Buffer Overflow
EcoStruxure Control Expert (formerly UnityPro) is Schneider Electric’s flagship software for program development, maintenance, and monitoring of industrial networks. To aid in the testing process of developed programs, a device simulator is included with Control Expert. When the simulator mode is started, it opens 0.0.0.0:502 on the host, allowing for communication with the simulator via Modbus.
When a large Modbus message is sent to this simulator, it is possible to write outside the bounds of a stack buffer, allowing for remote code execution.
sub_1b48b00 a stack buffer of 0x8000 bytes is reserved to hold the Modbus message data. This buffer will be used as the
dst argument of a subsequent
// // sub_1b48b00 // ... 01b48be1 lea edx, [ebp-0x8004] # allocate a stack buffer 01b48be7 push edx # arg1 01b48be8 call sub_1b495c0 # call to vulnerable function ...
Execution continues into
sub_1b495c0 where the Modbus message to be processed is copied into the previously reserved stack buffer. This is done via a
memcpy call with the following arguments:
dst: pointer to the stack buffer described above
src: pointer to the head of the current Modbus message
n : value pulled from the current Modbus message MBAP header length field
// // sub_1b495c0 // ... 01b4962a mov ecx, dword [ebp-0x4] 01b4962d movzx edx, word [ecx+0x11] 01b49631 push edx # n (mbap_len) (user controlled) 01b49632 mov eax, dword [ebp-0x4] 01b49635 mov ecx, dword [eax+0x9] 01b49638 push ecx # src (Modbus_msg_p) (user controlled) 01b49639 mov edx, dword [ebp+0x8] 01b4963c push edx # dst (arg1) 01b4963d call memcpy # memcpy(dst, Modbus_msg_p, mbap_len) ...
Since both the
n arguments are determined by the user controlled Modbus message, and since there is no check to ensure that the message length is smaller than the buffer size, it is possible to use the
memcpy call to write outside of the reserved buffer and gain execution through corruption of the program’s exception handler.
0:003> !exchain 0354fefc: 43434343 Invalid exception stack at 42424242 0:003> !msec.exploitable !exploitable 22.214.171.124 Exploitability Classification: EXPLOITABLE Recommended Bug Title: Exploitable - Exception Handler Chain Corrupted starting at MSVCR110!wcscpy_s+0x00000000000000b1 (Hash=0x996b7f71.0xf27769f2) Corruption of the exception handler chain is considered exploitable
0:006> g COMM Server Thread(1760.7c4): Access violation - code c0000005 (first chance) First chance exceptions are reported before any exception handling. This exception may be expected and handled. eax=002af561 ebx=002981f8 ecx=00000001 edx=0000815d esi=002af560 edi=03550000 eip=6a4edf22 esp=0353fe20 ebp=0353fe40 iopl=0 nv up ei pl nz na po cy cs=0023 ss=002b ds=002b es=002b fs=0053 gs=002b efl=00010203 MSVCR110!wcscpy_s+0xb1: 6a4edf22 f3a4 rep movs byte ptr es:[edi],byte ptr [esi]
2020-08-13 - Vendor Disclosure
2020-11-04 - CVE assigned
2020-11-09 - Vendor released
2020-12-08 - Public Release
Discovered by Alexander Perez-Palma and Jared Rittle of Cisco Talos.