A privilege escalation vulnerability exists in Advantech SQ Manager Server 1.0.6. A specially-crafted file can be replaced in the system to escalate privileges to NT SYSTEM authority. An attacker can provide a malicious file to trigger this vulnerability.
Advantech SQ Manager Server 1.0.6
8.8 - CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
CWE-276 - Incorrect Default Permissions
SQ Manager Server is a remote monitoring dashboard for manging SQRAM and SSD devices in IoT enviroments.
By default, Advantech SQ Manager Server is installed in the “c:\Program Files\Advantech" directory, which allows the “Everyone” group to have “Full” privilege over various service binary files in the directory, including library and executabes files loaded by the PostgreSQL service. The service execute these binaries with a “NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE” privilege, leading to privilge escalation from ‘Everyone’ to ‘NETWORK SERVICE’ user when the file is replaced and service is restarted. As the services are assigned
SeImpersonatePrivilege it is then possible to take advantage of that permission to achieve reliable execution with NT SYSTEM privilege due to impersonation of the token.
C:\Program Files\Advantech\SQ Manager Server\database\PostgreSQL\pgsql\bin\psql.exe Everyone:F NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F C:\Program Files\Advantech\SQ Manager Server\database\PostgreSQL\pgsql\bin\postgres.exe Everyone:F NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F C:\Program Files\Advantech\SQ Manager Server\database\PostgreSQL\pgsql\bin\pg_ctl.exe Everyone:F NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F
In addition, various DLL files can be used to perform similar exploitation of the system from the same installation folder:
libpq.dll libeay32.dll libiconv-2.dll libintl-8.dll ssleay32.dll
2021-10-25 - Vendor Disclosure
2022-01-16 - Vendor Patched
2022-01-18 - Public Release
Discovered by Yuri Kramarz of Cisco Talos.