A privilege escalation vulnerability exists in the installation of f Advantech WISE-PaaS/OTA Server 3.0.9. A specially-crafted file can be replaced in the system to escalate privileges to NT SYSTEM authority. An attacker can provide a malicious file to trigger this vulnerability.
Advantech WISE-PaaS/OTA Server 3.0.9
8.8 - CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
CWE-276 - Incorrect Default Permissions
WISE-PaaS/OTA Server provides capability for Over The Air (OTA) updates to external IoT devices.
By default, WISE-PaaS/OTA Server is installed in the “c:\Program Files (x86)\Advantech\OTA 3.0 Server" directory, which allows the “Everyone” group to have “Full” privilege over various service binary files in the directory, including library and executabes files loaded by the “postgresql” service. The service executes these binaries with a “NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE” privilege, leading to an escalation from any user to ‘NETWORK SERVICE’ when the file is replaced and service is restarted. As the service is also assigned
SeImpersonatePrivilege it is then possible to take advantage of that permission to achieve reliable execution with NT SYSTEM privilege due to impersonation of the token.
c:\Program Files (x86)\Advantech\OTA 3.0 Server\Database\pgsql\bin\psql.exe Everyone:F NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F c:\Program Files (x86)\Advantech\OTA 3.0 Server\Database\pgsql\bin\pg_ctl.exe Everyone:F NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F c:\Program Files (x86)\Advantech\OTA 3.0 Server\Database\pgsql\bin\postgres.exe Everyone:F NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F
In addition, various DLL files can be used to perform similar exploitation of the system from the same installation folder:
libpq.dll libeay32.dll libiconv-2.dll libintl-8.dll ssleay32.dll
2021-11-02 - Vendor Disclosure
2022-01-16 - Vendor Patched
2022-01-18 - Public Release
Discovered by Yuri Kramarz of Cisco Talos.